Landscaping Tips by Season

* Spring
* Summer
* Fall
* Winter

                              Spring (March – May)

Trees and shrubs:
• Prune trees
• Prune rose bushes
• Fertilize trees and shrubs
• Inspect for insects and disease, treating as necessary

Lawns:
• Clean-up all debris, Leaves and sticks
• Apply pre-emergent weed control over entire lawn
• Apply post-emergent weed-control as needed
• Inspect for insects and disease, treating as necessary
• Mow, trim, and edge lawn areas as needed

Planted beds (softscapes):
• Apply a fresh layer of mulch to beds
• Remove weeds, sticks, debris, etc., from planted areas
• Apply pre-emergent weed control in planted areas
• Apply post-emergent weed control as needed
• Inspect for insects and disease, treating as necessary
• Begin spring flower installation after the last frost, usually May 15th or later (annuals,  
perennials, herbs)
• Maintain planted areas by deadheading flowers, weeding, and fertilizing as necessary

Hardscapes, water features, irrigation systems, and outdoor lighting:
• Reset automatic timers on outdoor lighting when Daylight Savings Time begins
• Turn on and inspect irrigation systems after May 1st
• Fill, treat, and open water features as necessary after May 1st
• Check outdoor lighting fixtures for damage, replacing bulbs if necessary
• Inspect hardscapes for any damage caused by winter weather, repairing as necessary

Additional:
• Finalize design and installation plans for this year’s landscaping projects
• Finalize and sign maintenance contracts with a reputable landscape management firm


                                 Summer (June – August)

Trees and shrubs:
• Prune shrubs as necessary
• Inspect for insects and disease, treating as necessary
• Prune azaleas and rhododendrons after blooming, prior to July 4th

Lawns:
• Apply slow-release turf fertilizer
• Mow, trim, and edge lawn areas as needed
• Inspect for insects and disease, treating as necessary
• Apply a lime application as needed                            
• Complete spring flower installation by June 15th
• Maintain flowers regularly by deadheading, weeding, and fertilizing as necessary
• Apply post-emergent weed control as needed
• Inspect for insects and disease, treating as necessary

Hardscapes, water features, irrigation systems, and outdoor lighting:
• Maintain water features by keeping them clear of debris and sustaining proper water.
• Periodically inspect moisture content of separate zones for proper irrigation
• Clean and treat hardscapes if necessary (paint, wood-treatment, etc.)
• Begin thinking about and planning for next year’s landscape projects


                       Fall (September – November)

Trees and shrubs:
• Fertilize trees and shrubs using a balanced fertilizer
• Inspect for insects and disease, treating as necessary

Lawns:
• Aerate, over-seed, and apply a slow-release fertilizer every season
• Apply post-emergent weed-control as needed ...Timing with lawn seeding
• Inspect for insects and disease, treating as necessary
• Mow, trim, and edge lawn areas as needed
• Remove autumn leaves from lawns as necessary

Planted beds (softscapes):
• Remove leaves, weeds, sticks, debris, etc., from planted areas
• Apply post-emergent weed control as needed
• Inspect for insects and disease, treating as necessary
• Maintain flowers regularly by dead heading, weeding, and fertilizing as necessary
• Install fall flowers (such as mums) from September 15th through October 15th.
• Begin planting spring bulbs (tulips, daffodils, crocus, etc.)
• Dig up delicate bulbs for storage
• Divide and/or transplant other perennials (daylilies, iris, etc.)

Hardscapes, water features, irrigation systems, and outdoor lighting:
• Turn off and “winterize” irrigation systems before the first freeze (by October 15th)
• Drain and winterize water features (as necessary) before the first freeze (by October 15th)
• Reset automatic timers on outdoor lighting when Daylight Savings Time ends
• Inspect outdoor lighting fixtures, replacing bulbs if necessary

Additional:
• Begin the planning and designing phases for next year’s landscape projects by deciding upon an appropriate
landscape design firm
• Arrange for consultants with your landscape design firm to take measurements and survey current conditions
before the ground is covered with snow
• Finalize winter service contracts for snow removal,  dormant-season pruning, etc.


                      Winter (December – February)

Trees and shrubs:
• Prune trees as needed to shape and raise the undercarriage
• Prune shrubs to allow for penetration of light and moisture
• Apply dormant oil to shrubs to reduce problems with insects during the spring and  
summer       
• Apply post-emergent weed control as necessary.
• Begin mulch applications toward winter’s end

Lawns:
• Apply coating of lime to warm season turf
• Apply post-emergent weed-control as needed
• Inspect for insects and disease, treating as necessary
• After February 15th, apply pre-emergent weed control to entire lawn

Planted beds (softscapes):
• Remove leaves, weeds, sticks, debris, etc., from planted areas
• Apply post-emergent weed control as needed
• Cut back ornamental winter grasses as needed
• Install spring bulbs by October 15th (before ground freezing)
• Begin mulch application as weather permits
• After February 15th, apply pre-emergent weed control

Hardscapes, water features, irrigation systems, and outdoor lighting:
• Keep walkways and driveways clear of snow and ice by contracting a dependable service

Additional:
• Continue planning and designing of next year’s landscaping projects
• Begin making decisions about next year’s landscape management and maintenance  
contracts by collecting information and speaking with representatives from qualified   
landscape firms
• Finish any wintertime home-improvement projects